An employee at a Charlotte-area Macy’s was recently arrested and charged with embezzling money from her employer. A series of questionable transactions by a department store cashier triggered an investigation by her employer and eventually the Charlotte-Mecklenburg police. According to police, the employee embezzled more than $2,000 from the South Park Macy’s store.

The cashier had processed refunds for merchandise that had never actually been purchased. According to reports, the employee theft was then completed by putting the refunds onto store gift cards.

According to the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners, businesses average a loss of about seven percent of annual revenue to employee theft. It is no small loss, especially to small businesses. But employees who are wrongly accused of theft or who made an innocent mistake that is interpreted as fraud have even more on the line than the businesses themselves.

Employee theft is a common form of embezzlement and is considered a white-collar crime. This type of financial fraud can lead to serious prison sentences, fines, and restitution requirements, whether charged as a North Carolina state crime or a federal white-collar crime. An experienced defense lawyer who understands both the state and federal criminal process can help you fight these charges. For a free consultation, contact our law firm online today.

Embezzlement Charges In North Carolina

Embezzlement is a crime of misappropriation. It is taking money or property that belongs to someone else with the intention of depriving that person or business of the use of those funds or property. It is different from larceny because it does not require that money or property be obtained illegally to be a criminal act.

For instance, a bank teller is entrusted with the funds at his or her window; the teller is legally entrusted with the cash he or she receives from customers or that is stocked from the bank’s vault on a daily basis. However, if the bank teller takes money from the till for personal use, depriving the bank or its members of the use of that money, he or she has committed the crime of embezzlement.

North Carolina embezzlement charge depends on the value of the funds or property that was embezzled and the relationship of the person who took property or funds for his own use to the true owner.

  • Employees, officers or agents of a corporation, clerks, etc. If the value of what was embezzled is $100,000 or more, it is a Class C felony. If under $100,000, it is a Class H felony.
  • Treasurers of charitable organizations. If the value of what was embezzled is $100,000 or more, it is a Class C felony. If under $100,000, it is a Class H felony.
  • Railroad officers. If the value of what was embezzled is $100,000 or more, it is a Class C felony. If under $100, 000, it is a Class F felony.
  • Public employees, including city and state government workers, and public officials. If the value of what was embezzled is $100,000 or more, it is a Class C felony. If under $100, 000, it is a Class F felony.

The felony sentencing structure in North Carolina provides the following punishment ranges for embezzlement for those who have no prior criminal history:

Felony Class Presumptive Sentencing Range
 C 58-73 months in prison
F 13-16 months in prison
 H 5-6 months in prison or community punishment

In addition, a person convicted of embezzlement will typically be required to pay back the value of the funds or property embezzled. This is referred to as restitution.

Federal Embezzlement Charges

In North Carolina, embezzlement may be charged as either a state white-collar crime or a federal white-collar crime, depending on the circumstances involved. It can be a simple, low-dollar crime or it can involve a multimillion-dollar scheme.

Federal embezzlement charges may involve direct embezzlement of government funds or property by a government employee or indirect embezzlement of government funds.

As with North Carolina state charges, federal embezzlement charges are dependent upon the person involved in the scheme and the value of the funds or property embezzled. If more than $1,000 is embezzled, the crime is a federal felony punishable by a $250,000 fine and up to 10 years in prison. If $1,000 or less is embezzled, the crime is a federal misdemeanor punishable by a $100,000 fine and up to a year in prison.

A conviction for embezzlement of public funds will typically also be accompanied by an order to pay an amount equal to what was embezzled as restitution.

Interesting Facts About Embezzlement

Embezzling funds from a financial institution such as a bank is both a state and federal crime. If the person involved is an officer or teller at a federally insured bank, he or she may be on the hook for more stringent federal penalties if convicted of embezzlement.

Despite being illegal, money or property gained through embezzlement is taxable. The Internal Revenue Service wants its share of the proceeds of a successful state or federal embezzlement scheme. Failing to pay taxes can get you in trouble with the IRS; however, paying taxes on illegally gotten gains can alert federal authorities to financial fraud. The silver lining? You may be eligible for a tax refund on money paid in if you are ever forced to give back the money or property through restitution.

Under Investigation For Embezzlement?

As with any white-collar crime, getting a lawyer involved as soon as possible while the police, FBI, or other agency is still investigating is important to successfully defend against embezzlement charges. Speaking with an experienced embezzlement defense lawyer sooner rather than later can protect you from an intrusive government investigation.

State v. B.S.: Not Guilty Verdict in First Degree Murder Case.

In this case, our client was charged with First Degree Murder in connection with a “drive-by” shooting that occurred in Charlotte, NC. The State’s evidence included GPS ankle monitoring data linking our client was at the scene of the crime and evidence that our client confessed to an inmate while in jail. Nonetheless, we convinced a jury to unanimously find our client Not Guilty. He was released from jail the same day.

State v. S.G.: First Degree Murder Charge Dismissed.

Our client was charged with First Degree for the shooting death related to alleged breaking and entering. The State’s evidence included a co-defendant alleging that our client was the shooter. After conducting a thorough investigation with the use of a private investigator, we persuaded the State to dismiss entirely the case against our client.

State v. B.D.: First Degree Murder Charged Dismissed.

After conducting an investigation and communicating with the prosecutor about the facts and circumstances indicating that our client acted in self-defense, the case was dismissed and deemed a justifiable homicide.

State v. I.R.: Reduction from First Degree Murder to Involuntary Manslaughter and Concealment of Death.

Our client was charged with the First Degree Murder of a young lady by drug overdose. After investigating the decedent’s background and hiring a preeminent expert toxicologist to fight the State’s theory of death, we were able to negotiate this case down from Life in prison to 5 years in prison, with credit for time served.

State v. J.G.:

Our client was charged with First Degree Murder related to a “drug deal gone bad.” After engaging the services of a private investigator and noting issues with the State’s case, we were able to negotiate a plea for our client that avoided a Life sentence and required him to serve only 12 years.